Outside the Walls
1Ruins of a bathhouse
3Tumulus of ruins
4Mausoleum of Kirakos
5Ruins of a chapel
6Ruins of a chapel
7Rock-cut church
8Ruins of a church

Inside the Walls
9Palace known as "the Baron's palace"
10Church with a voluted capital
11Rock-cut Church
12Unidentified Ruins
13Ruins of a palace
14Oil Press
14aUnderground room
15Church of St. Gregory of King Gagik (the Gagikashen)
17Palace of Sargis
18Oil Press
19Oil Press
20Ruins of a large church
21Site with tunnels
22Oil Press
24Church of Bakhtakegi (excavated in 1892)
25Oil Press
26Church known as the "Georgian Church"
27Ruins of a refuse pit
28Tower of Minuchihir
29Oil Press
30Oil Press
31Oil Press
32Ruins of an unidentified building
32aUnidentified ruins
32bOil Press
33Ruins of a church
34Ruins of a church
35Probable ruins of a church
36Unidentified ruins
37Building with 4 columns (the firetemple) later converted to a church
38Church of the Holy Apostles
39Hostelries (excavated in 1908)
40The "red church"
41Two large rooms
45Ruins of a church
46Ruins of a church with rich decoration in wood
47Ruins of a church
47aOil press
50Church decorated with checkerboard pattern
51Church of the Holy Redeemer
51aRuins of a church
52Ruins of a church
52aUnidentified ruins
53Church of St. Gregory of the Abughamirs'
54Ruins of buildings
55Oil Press
56Ruins of a church with a khatchk'ar
57Ruins of a structure with four corners
58Oil Press
59Multiple tumulus
60Church of Horom Tikin
61Oil Press
62Minaret of the mosque of Abu'l Muamran
64Unidentified ruins
65Oil Press
66Multiple tumulus
67Ruins of churches
68Residence of a prelate
69-69aColumnaded gallery
72St. Sarkis church
73Cathedral of Ani
73aHouse with a wall in a checkerboard pattern (excavated in 1908)
74Baptistry of cathedral
75Mausoleum of Queen Katranideh
76Oil Press
76aOil Press
77Tower connected to a vaulted passageway
78Tower connected to an underground passageway
81Unidentified ruins
82Church of St. Gregory of Tigran Honents
83Baths (excavated in 1893)
85Vaulted gallery
86Oil Press
87Entry to an underground room
88Chapel beside the Akhurian river
88aUnidentified ruins
90Unidentified ruins
91Unidentified ruins
91aUnidentified ruins
92Monastery of the Virgins

The Old City (within King Ashot's walls)
93A secular building
94Wall of King Ashot
95Mosque of Minuchihr (and museum of Ani)
97House with two rooms
98Ruins of a church
99Museum of Ani - subsidiary building
99aSite of the residence of Nikoli Marr's team
100Oil press, and ruins of civil building
101Church of K'arimadin, called "the red church"
102Church of the Mother of God of Khambouchents
104Church of Abu Khacib
104aOne of the entries to the underground city
105Mausoleum of Gayl
107Ruins of a 4 columned structure
108Unidentified ruins

The Citadel
109The royal palace
109aPalatine church
109bHall in the royal palace
109cHall in the royal palace
109dHall in the royal palace
109eBaths in the royal palace
109fCistern within the palace
110Church of Mijnaberd
111Vaulted structure
112Tetraconch church
113Church beside the citadel wall
114Hexagonal church
115Armenian Cemetery
118Water conduit beside the gate to the city

Kizkale Peninsula
116Bridge of the Kamsarakan tower
117Convent of St. Gregory of Aljkayberd


This plan is taken from the Russian book "Ani - a History of the City and its Excavations" by Nikolai Marr, Leningrad and Moscow, 1934. The plan had previously appeared in the 1910 "Little Guide to Ani" by Hovep Orbeli, published by the Ani Museum. It is an acceptably accurate plan - however, not every visible ruin site at Ani is marked on it. More recent surveys of Ani exist, but they have not been released to the public.

Sites that are numbered in orange on the plan are listed in the index opposite. These "Marr/Orbeli" identification numbers (often abbreviated to "M.-O." or "M-O", for example "M-O 88") continue to be used by modern archaeologists. Numbers in black refer to individual towers within the city walls - numbers 1 to 95 for the outer walls, 1 to 7 for King Ashot's wall, 1 to 4 for the citadel, 1 to 4 for Kizkale.

Main entry points through the city walls are identified with Roman numerals. I: Gate onto Igadzor valley. II + III: Kars gate, inner and outer walls. IV + V: Lion Gate, outer and inner walls. VI + VII: Chequerboard Gate, outer and inner walls. VIII: Gayladzor postern gate. IX: Gate onto Gayladzor valley. X: Gate of Aruch. XI + XII: postern gates. XIII: Gate of Sargis Cilench. XIV: Dvin Gate. XV: Gate of King Ashot. XVI: Gate onto Tsaghkotsadzor valley.

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This page was first published in 2001. It was last modified on the 10th October 2015.